In December, the Trump administration signed a new National Monument Act, which authorizes up to 150 million acres of public land in the nation’s northeast, which it claims is open to exploration.
This is a massive step toward fulfilling the “National Monument Act of 1906” — a bill passed in response to the catastrophic flooding that struck the western United States.
The act also authorizes the establishment of monuments for national monuments, including ones that protect lands for conservation purposes, such as the Grand Canyon.
It also allows states to designate areas of national parks, including the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, and the Great Smoky Mountains National Monument.
But as many conservationists have long noted, these lands have been largely protected from development for the past 150 years.
So why has the Trump Administration taken such a hard line on public lands?
And how did it come to that?
The Grand Stairs and Grand Canyon are part of the United States National Park System, and are a key part of this administration’s push to restore the public lands and resources to their original glory.
Both of these places are iconic, and both have been under constant threat from development.
In the early 1900s, the Grand Trunk Railway, a private railroad company, owned many of the roads that connect the cities of New Orleans and New York.
The land they used for their tracks was designated a National Park.
When the railroad was acquired by the U.S. Forest Service, it was sold to the American Railroaders Association (ARA), a business group that has long opposed public lands.
At the same time, the ARA fought to keep the railroad in the national park system.
“The American Railroad Society fought very hard for a few years, trying to have the railroad kept in the park system,” says James A. Wooten, the group’s president.
“But it was so important to the AARA, that they said, ‘If you keep the railroads in the National Park system, we will no longer care if we lose the railroad.'”
In 1924, Congress passed the Antiquities Act, giving the federal government the power to designate public lands in national parks and monuments.
The law defined a “national monument” as an area that has “historic significance” and “a significant geographical or natural resource.”
But conservationists say this definition doesn’t really describe what’s been considered a national park.
They argue that these types of land are generally not considered parks, but instead, national monuments.
In a letter to President Donald Trump in May, three conservation organizations wrote that while they supported the Antiquity Act, it also created a situation in which “the President and his predecessors have created national monuments without providing sufficient protections to protect historic, cultural, and biological resources.”
The groups argue that the designation of these lands “is essentially a legislative tool” that “will not protect the national parks in any meaningful way.”
In 2017, the American Planning Association released a report detailing the impact of the Antiqueties Act on public land, stating that “overall, federal land and mineral management programs have resulted in substantial reductions in the quantity and quality of national monuments.”
This, they argue, has resulted in “disproportionately high levels of erosion and soil loss, diminished wildlife populations, and reduced biodiversity.”
The ARA, in a letter responding to this report, called it a “fundamentally misleading statement” that the Antiquums Act has had a negative impact on the public land system.
The group also pointed to a recent study by the Center for American Progress that shows that the Trump administrations “promised to prioritize and protect public lands, and did so through multiple actions, including federal regulations.”
But, in the letter, the organizations argued that “these actions have resulted solely in the transfer of public lands to private companies, and not in the creation of a truly national monument.”
The Trump Administration’s push for public lands The National Park Service was established in 1906 to serve the country’s national parks.
It is the largest park system in the United State, with more than 9 million acres in 16 states and the District of Columbia.
And since its founding, it has served as the main gatekeeper to the nation.
The president has the power, by law, to designate national monuments within 100 miles of the country he is sworn in as president.
These include national parks for “the protection of biological diversity and natural resources,” as well as “any land, marine, or terrestrial resources that are vital to the survival and expansion of the nation and its citizens.”
The president also has the authority to establish national monuments for conservation, which can be a controversial process.
But this is the first time that the administration has taken such an aggressive approach to the protection of national lands.
In recent years, the administration proposed a number of other measures aimed at improving the management of national monument land, including opening up more public lands for hunting and fishing, allowing drilling on the Grand Teton, and expanding the national monument system to protect other